Aims: The main objective of this work was the valorization of Ficus microcarpa fruit, an inedible fruit with a high nutritional value in the production of chitosan by Aspergillus niger. Methods: A surface and submerged growth of Aspergillus niger were carried out using the Ficus microcarpa fruit syrup. 3 106 spores /50 mL were inoculated. Chitosan production was conducted at 37° C for 14 days using both surface and submerged fermentation modes. The growth of Aspergillus niger was followed by spore count on a Malassez cell. The evolution of pH and the consumption of total sugars in the mixture were monitored. Chitosan was extracted after degumming with NaOH 10N and centrifugation. Results: During the first days, the fungal growth was exponential with maximum growth rates of 10.06 g/L/day and 12.05g/L/day respectively for the surface and submerged cultures. The mycelial growth was largely linked to a high intake of sugars. The chitosan production in glucose syrup was significantly lower than the production using Ficus microcarpa syrup. This syrup allowed producing 41 g/L of chitosan for the surface culture and 37.2g/L for the submerged culture. Infrared analysis of chitosan powders showed similar spectra to those of commercial and shrimp chitosan. This first work is a contribution to a better valorization of a bioresource.
Full text article
Copyright (c) 2021 Authors
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Attribution — You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.
No additional restrictions — You may not apply legal terms or technological measures that legally restrict others from doing anything the license permits.