https://najfnr.com/home/issue/feed The North African Journal of Food and Nutrition Research 2021-11-08T18:26:30-05:00 Meghit Boumediene Khaled contact@najfnr.com Open Journal Systems <div id="comp-k85k1f0x" class="_1Z_nJ animating-screenIn-exit" data-testid="richTextElement" data-angle="0" data-angle-style-location="style"> <div id="comp-kh3rqf0c" class="_1Z_nJ" data-testid="richTextElement"> <div id="comp-k85k1f0x" class="_1Z_nJ animating-screenIn-exit" data-testid="richTextElement" data-angle="0" data-angle-style-location="style"> <div id="comp-kh3rqf0c" class="_1Z_nJ" data-testid="richTextElement"> <h6 class="font_8"><img src="https://najfnr.com/public/site/images/admin/front-ojs.png" alt="" width="1026" height="766" /></h6> <div id="comp-ism92d7i" class="_1Q9if" data-testid="richTextElement"> <p class="font_8"><em>We appreciate due to the disruption caused by the COVID-19 virus that you may have difficulty in meeting the timeline for peer review. Please let us know if you need additional time to complete the review to avoid sending continuous reminders.</em></p> </div> </div> </div> <div id="comp-kaj2mxmq" class="_1Z_nJ animating-screenIn-exit" data-testid="richTextElement" data-angle="0" data-angle-style-location="style"> <p class="font_8"> </p> <p class="font_8"><strong>Editor's quote</strong></p> <p class="font_8">"The Mediterranean diet, known to maintain good health and promote longevity, has been gradually abandoned by populations in Southern Europe, North Africa, and the Near East as reported by the F.A.O. High rates of overweight and obesity, as reported by several studies, are not limited to the European Mediterranean countries (Greece, Italy, Spain, Portugal) and recalls what the W.H.O. says for two years: emerging economies are Increasingly affected. Among them, Algeria.</p> <p class="font_8">During the last few decades, there has been a great interest in the field of nutrition and health. The North African Journal of Food and Nutrition Research aims to encourage scientists and physicians of all fields to publish their works in order to promote nutrition and education among all concerned communities in Africa. Furthermore, the purpose of the journal is to provide balanced, reliable, and updated data for researchers and health care professionals, to facilitate decisions and management of metabolic diseases related to nutritional status."</p> <p class="font_8"><strong>Prof. Meghit Boumediene KHALED</strong></p> <p class="font_8"><strong>Editor-in-Chief /Founder</strong></p> <div id="comp-k85k1f0x" class="_1Z_nJ animating-screenIn-exit" data-testid="richTextElement" data-angle="0" data-angle-style-location="style"> <div id="comp-kh3rqf0c" class="_1Z_nJ" data-testid="richTextElement"> <p>​------------------------------------------</p> </div> </div> <div id="comp-kaj2mxmq" class="_1Z_nJ animating-screenIn-exit" data-testid="richTextElement" data-angle="0" data-angle-style-location="style"> <h5 class="font_6">All published articles in the NAJFNR have been attributed a unique Crossref DOI. </h5> <h6 class="font_8"><a href="https://search.crossref.org/?from_ui=yes&amp;q=2588-1582"><img src="https://najfnr.com/public/site/images/admin/crossref-member1-1.jpg" alt="" width="174" height="58" /></a></h6> <p>------------------------------------------</p> </div> <p class="font_8">The NAJFNR is on <a href="https://8f264e7a-0618-4005-8419-1c5929c96452.filesusr.com/ugd/417d9a_5fe6f262c74a466a9d70e014b262eea0.pdf">Web of Science Clarivate Analytics</a></p> <p class="font_8"><a href="https://8f264e7a-0618-4005-8419-1c5929c96452.filesusr.com/ugd/417d9a_5fe6f262c74a466a9d70e014b262eea0.pdf"><img src="https://najfnr.com/public/site/images/admin/2560px-clarivate-analytics.svg-873b4392a7f75765d75d70f65a857101.jpg" alt="" width="256" height="87" /></a></p> <p class="font_8"> </p> <p class="font_8"><strong><span style="font-size: 2em;">Latest accepted and published articles</span></strong> <strong> </strong></p> <p class="font_8"><em>July - December 2021 : Volume 5 - Issue 12</em></p> <div id="comp-kjhijn9x" class="JdPQA"> <div class="_20e9D" data-testid="container-bg"> </div> <div class="_20e9D" data-testid="container-bg"> <div id="comp-kjhijn9x" class="JdPQA"> <div class="_20e9D" data-testid="container-bg"><strong>Review Articles</strong></div> <div class="_20e9D" data-testid="container-bg"> <ul> <li>Nura, A., Badau, M.H., Umar, N.B., (2021). Tigernut: A Nutrient-Rich Underutilize Crop with Many Potentials. The North African Journal of Food and Nutrition Research, 5 (12): xxx-xxx. https://doi.org/10.51745/najfnr.5.12.xxx-xxx</li> </ul> <ul> <li>Dhliwayo], T., Chopera, P., Matsungo, T.M., Chidewe, C., Nyanga, L.K. (2021). A review of traditional grain based complementary foods for children aged 6-23 months in selected African countries. The North African Journal of Food and Nutrition Research, 5 (12): xxx-xxx. https://doi.org/10.51745/najfnr.5.12.xxx-xxx</li> </ul> <ul> <li>Hanel T., Miller B., Aboul-Enein B.H, Benajiba N. &amp; Kruk, J. (2021). Farm-to-school nutrition programs with special reference to Egypt and Morocco. The North African Journal of Food and Nutrition Research, 5 (12): 100-104. <a style="background-color: #ffffff; font-size: 0.875rem;" href="https://doi.org/10.51745/najfnr.5.12.100-104">https://doi.org/10.51745/najfnr.5.12.100-104</a></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="comp-kqgr6zmh" class="JdPQA"> <div class="_20e9D" data-testid="container-bg"> </div> <div class="_20e9D" data-testid="container-bg"><strong>Original Articles</strong><span style="font-size: 0.875rem;"> </span></div> </div> <div id="comp-kr5g0arr" class="_1Q9if" data-testid="richTextElement"> <ul> <li>Vengesai A., Nyanga L. K., &amp; Chidewe C. (2021).Effect of traditional processing methods on protein digestibility and chemical constituents in seeds of Bauhinia petersiana. The North African Journal of Food and Nutrition Research, 5(12): 105-111. <a href="https://doi.org/10.51745/najfnr.5.12.105-111">https://doi.org/10.51745/najfnr.5.12.105-111</a></li> </ul> <ul> <li>Senouci A., Benharrat L. I., Zemmour A., Benhabib W., &amp; Mekki K. Sleep quality and its relationship with climacteric symptoms and quality of life in women on menopausal transition Nor. Afr. J. Food Nutr. Res. Volume 5. Issue 12. Published: 28 September 2021 <a style="background-color: #ffffff; font-size: 0.875rem;" href="https://doi.org/10.51745/najfnr.5.12.93-99">https://doi.org/10.51745/najfnr.5.12.93-99</a><span style="font-size: 0.875rem;"> </span><span class="backcolor_17" style="font-size: 0.875rem;"> </span><span style="font-size: 0.875rem;"> </span></li> </ul> <p class="font_8"> </p> <p class="font_8"><span style="font-size: 0.875rem;">**************************************************</span></p> </div> <div id="comp-krdgg8y0" class="_1Q9if" data-testid="richTextElement"> <div id="comp-krp1wmt8" class="_1Q9if" data-testid="richTextElement"> <h6 class="font_8"><img src="https://najfnr.com/public/site/images/admin/oa-logo.jpg" alt="" width="56" height="56" /></h6> <h6 class="font_8"><span style="font-size: 14px;">Articles published in NAJFNR are </span><a style="background-color: #ffffff; font-size: 14px;" href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Open_access" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Open Access</a><span style="font-size: 14px;"> and distributed under the terms of the </span><a style="background-color: #ffffff; 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By registering as a reviewer, you are supporting the academic community by providing constructive feedback on new research, helping to ensure both the quality and integrity of published work in your field.<br /><br />Once registered, you may be asked to undertake reviews of scholarly articles that match your research interests. Reviewers always have the option to decline an invitation to review and we take care not to overburden our reviewers with excessive requests.<br /><br />You must <strong><a href="https://najfnr.com/home/user/register">login</a></strong> before you can become a reviewer.<br /><br />If you don't want to be a reviewer anymore, you can change your roles by <strong>editing your profile</strong>.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="comp-kaj2mxmq" class="_1Z_nJ animating-screenIn-exit" data-testid="richTextElement" data-angle="0" data-angle-style-location="style"> <div id="comp-k969dra2" class="_1Q9if" data-testid="richTextElement"> <div id="comp-kks4r1bt" class="XUUsC" title=""> <div class="xQ_iF" data-testid="linkElement"> <div class="_2UdPt"> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> https://najfnr.com/home/article/view/171 Effect of traditional processing methods on protein digestibility and chemical constituents in seeds of Bauhinia petersiana 2021-11-08T18:26:30-05:00 Arthur Vengesai arthurvengesai@gmail.com Loveness K. Nyanga nyangael@yahoo.com Cathrine Chidewe cchidewe@gmail.com <p><strong>Background:</strong> Antinutritional factors present in food may reduce the bioavailability of nutrients and cause harmful effects to human health. <strong>Aims:</strong> The aim of this study was to determine the effect of traditional processing methods on protein digestibility, nutrient and antinutrient constituents of seeds of <em>Bauhinia petersiana</em>. <strong>Subjects and Methods:&nbsp;</strong>The seeds were processed by soaking in water, boiling or roasting before analyzing protein digestibility, nutrient and antinutrient compositions. <strong>Results:</strong> Soaking resulted in no significant changes in the content of moisture, protein, fiber, phytates and trypsin inhibitor activity and significant reductions in fat, ash and tannins. Roasting resulted in no significant change in the content of moisture, ash, protein, and fiber and significant reductions in fat, phytates and trypsin inhibitor activity. Boiling resulted in a significant increase in the content of both protein and fiber and reduction in fat, ash, tannins, phytates and trypsin inhibitor activity. Mineral content of zinc, magnesium and calcium was not changed by soaking, roasting or boiling of the seeds. The calculated phytate: zinc molar ratios for both the raw and processed seeds were greater than 10, the limit for optimal absorption of zinc in the small intestine whereas phytate: iron molar ratios were less than 14, the limit for optimum absorption of iron in the intestines. In vitro digestibility of proteins in the seeds was increased when the seeds were soaked, roasted or boiled. <strong>Conclusions:</strong> Boiling the seeds of <em>B. petersiana</em> before consumption would effectively remove undesirable antinutrients while maintaining the nutrient content of the seeds and improving digestibility of proteins.</p> 2021-11-08T00:00:00-05:00 Copyright (c) 2021 https://najfnr.com/home/article/view/170 Farm-to-school nutrition programs with special reference to Egypt and Morocco 2021-11-02T05:26:37-04:00 Tammy Hanel hanel.t@northeastern.edu Brenna Miller brenna.miller@tufts.edu Basil Aboul-Enein basil.aboulenein@jwu.edu Nada Benajiba nabenajiba@pnu.edu.sa Joanna Kruk joanna.kruk@usz.edu.pl <p>The United States’ Farm-To-School Program (F2SP) is a competitive grant program that targets participants of the National School Lunch Program and School Breakfast Program with the aim of increasing the quantity and frequency of locally sourced fruits and vegetables offered to children during the school year. This narrative review aims to summarize the outcomes of the F2SP’s interventions on child health and wellness using the research available to date and provide points to consider when implementing the F2SP outside of the United States, particularly in Egypt and Morocco. Analysis of the existing literature showed that both Egypt and Morocco have been beneficiaries of their aid and have seen improvements in the number of children receiving meals at school. With its centralized school meals system, and with support from the World Food Programme (WFP), Egypt has the infrastructure to set up and sustain a long term F2SP that will enrich local communities, grow local economies, and support the health of the next generation. As the WFP continues its work in Morocco, the focus should be maintained on developing a strong school meals system and addressing immediate food insecurity. The viability of such a program being implemented should be reassessed once outcomes from current hunger relief efforts become available.&nbsp; Additional research is needed to continue to study the feasibility, applicability, and impact of this program, especially as it would be applied in areas with no centralized school meals programs across North Africa. &nbsp;&nbsp;</p> 2021-11-01T00:00:00-04:00 Copyright (c) 2021 https://najfnr.com/home/article/view/152 Sleep quality and its relationship with climacteric symptoms and quality of life in women on menopausal transition 2021-09-28T15:50:36-04:00 Azzeddine Senouci azzedibebio@hotmail.fr Latifa Imen Benharrat Imenbenharrats@yahoo.fr Amani Zemmour a.zemmour@yahoo.fr Wassila Benhabib wassilabenhabib6@gmail.com Khedidja Mekki khmekki@hotmail.com <p><strong>Background</strong>: Climacteric syndrome, occurring during menopausal transition, plays a key role in the alteration of women's quality of life. <strong>Aims</strong>: This study investigated the relationship between perimenopausal symptoms, sleep quality, quality of life, and food behavior in women on menopausal transition in western Algeria. <strong>Subjects and Methods:</strong>&nbsp;The study included 131 perimenopausal women (Mean age = 48 ± 3 years). The climacteric syndrome and quality of life were assessed by the menopause rating scale (MRS) questionnaire. The quality of sleep was evaluated by the Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI) and food consumption by the 24h recall method. <strong>Results: </strong>The mean score of psychological (9.63 ± 2.93) and somatic (10.74 ± 3.43) symptoms were significantly higher (p= 0.000) and the total score of MRS was 24 ± 6, which means that women have an impaired quality of life. A high significance (p= 0.000) was also noted in subscales scores of sleep components; sleep disturbances (1.69± 0.62), subjective sleep quality (1.55± 0.93), and sleep latency (1.40 ± 1.23), compared to other sleep components. Poor sleep quality was explained by a high score of PSQI (8 ± 4). The MRS subscale scores showed a significant correlation with total PSQI score (r =0.600, p=0.01). A positive energy balance was also recorded with a high protein (13% of TEI) and polyunsaturated fatty acids intake (33%) and low lipids (23% of TEI), monounsaturated fatty acids (41%), and animal protein intake (26%). <strong>Conclusions</strong>: Perimenopause is a difficult period in a woman's life, disrupting her quality of life and sleep quality leading to disturbances in eating behavior and body weight gain.</p> 2021-09-28T00:00:00-04:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Authors https://najfnr.com/home/article/view/147 Overview on main nutrition-related diseases in three countries from North Africa 2021-09-11T15:56:35-04:00 Mustapha Diaf diafmustapha@gmail.com Meghit Boumediene Khaled khaled@khaledmb.co.uk <p class="font_8">The aim of this review article is to give a holistic overview on the magnitude of nutrition-related diseases in the North African region and to outline major factors associated with the prevalence of these complications. A literature analysis was performed on PubMed and Google Scholar for data relating to nutrition-related diseases published between January 2007 and March 2017. The employed keywords were; “Algeria AND Morocco AND Tunisia AND Nutrition-Related diseases”. We focused firstly on the nutrition-related diseases associated to inadequate intake of nutrients and unhealthy dietary habits such as low birth weight, anaemia and micronutrient deficiencies, thereafter, diseases associated with changes in lifestyle such as obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular disease are highlighted.</p> <p class="font_8">Factors contributing to nutritional problems vary from country to another. Low socioeconomic status, low educational levels, unhealthy eating habits, poverty and ignorance are mainly responsible for both under and over nutrition problems. Despite their alarming rates, national strategies to combat these nutritional diseases do not exist or are ineffective in North African countries. Efforts are focused on therapeutic actions, however, the scarcity or the complete lack of preventive health care services, epidemiological surveys, nutritional surveillance and lack of nutritional assessment need to be considered. Continuous and accurate analyses of the evolving situation will allow setting up a good tools, strategies and health intervention programs in North African countries.</p> 2017-06-28T00:00:00-04:00 Copyright (c) 2017 Authors https://najfnr.com/home/article/view/146 Visualization of nutrient-related clinical practice guidelines in childhood 2021-09-09T19:14:36-04:00 George Antonogeorgos gantonogeorgos@gmail.com Eirini Bathrellou ebathrellou@hua.gr Matina Kouvari matinakouvari4@gmail.com Eirini Mamalaki eir.mamalaki@gmail.com Dimitrios Poulimeneas dimitrispoulimeneas@hotmail.com Mary Yannakoulia myiannak@hua.gr Demosthenes B. Panagiotakos d.b.panagiotakos@usa.net <p class="font_8"><span class="color_15">Obesity and diabetes rates have been rising to epidemic levels during the last decade, especially among young populations. Recommendations for clinicians and primary healthcare providers concerning the improvement of childhood nutrition and the healthcare of childhood nutrition-related diseases are of major interest. Clinical Practice Guidelines (CPGs) of the most updated evidence-based recommendations are useful tools that help clinicians in their practice. However, a gap has been observed between the suggested CPGs and their implementation in the context of everyday clinical practice. This could be merely attributed to the text format that is usually presented. In this review article, all the CPGs about the best dietary advice regarding energy and macronutrient intake in childhood and the most common chronic nutrition-related childhood diseases, i.e., obesity, dyslipidemia, and diabetes mellitus type 1 and 2, are summarized and visualized in an algorithmic format and practical examples are given. This could help healthcare providers to achieve a higher adoption rate of CPGs in clinical practice, thus, resulting in better management of children’s health and improved clinical outcomes.&nbsp;</span></p> 2021-09-28T00:00:00-04:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Authors